Accretionary prism An accretionary prism is a rocky fold-and-thrust belt created by the accumulation and compression of oceanic sediments at underwater trench level as an effect of subduction.
Anchialine An anchialine environment refers to a hydrological system with a subterranean connection to the ocean.
Anticline An anticline is a dome-shaped geological entity, as opposed to a synclinal, which is basin-shaped.
Barcode A barcode is a DNA sequence allowing to match a specimen with a species. Hence, molecular barcoding is a technique used to identify the species to which an individual belongs from a sample of blood, feather, etc.
Bathymetry Bathymetry is the measurement of ocean or lake depths in order to produce a chart of its floor.
Biometry Biometry is about measuring life. In other words, it refers to the quantitative study of the biological characteristics of living beings
Bryophyte Bryophytes or mosses are terrestrial or fresh water plants, epitomized by the lack of vascular system, i.e. roots. They feature structures called rhizoids to adhere to the substrate.
Collembola Collembola are small arthropods which live on the surface and up to 12” underground.
Doline Dolines are circular excavations ranging from a few tens to hundreds of metres in diameter, issued from the erosion and collapse of karst lime stones.
Echinoderm Echinoderms are marine animals such as sea urchins or starfish, the body of which can be divided into five symmetrically from the centre.
Endemism Endemism refers to the characteristics of fauna and flora specific to a territory or geographical area. A species is called endemic when it cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
Endorheism Endorheism refers to regions where water drainage does not reach the sea. Endhoreic watersheds, valleys or lakes are closed hydrological systems, as opposed to exorheic watersheds, which flow on the surface towards the ocean.
Epiphyte Epiphytes are plants that use other plants as a support to anchor their roots, such as algae, lichens, ferns, orchids, etc.
Herpetofauna Herpetofauna refers to all the species of reptiles and amphibians (frogs and other batrachians). Herpetology is the science to study herpetofauna.
Hymenopter Hymenoptera are a type of insects, significantly featuring mandibles and two pairs of membranous wings : it is, for instance, the group including bees, wasps, ants, …
Hypogeum An hypogeum is an underground structure. “Hypogeum” species are those which have developed underground
Karst Karsts are limestone rocks that have been worn and dissolved by the run-off of rainwater over millions of years, creating unique geological formations.
Lapiez Lapiez are geological formations on the surface of limestone rocks issued from their dissolution : the rocky plateau features numerous trenches, cracks and crevices.
Meristic An adjective referring to the count of a number of organs (fin rays, muscular segments of an eel, gill rakers on a gill arch, etc.)
Mitochondria The mitochondria is an element of the cell which converts the glucose into energy molecule. The mitochondrial markers are the DNA markers contained in the mitochondria. Contrary to the nuclear DNA, the mitochondrial DNA comes only from the mother of the individual.
Odonate Odonata refers to the dragon fly family. They are insects with an elongated body, featuring two pairs of membranous wings and compound, voluminous eyes.
Oligotroph An oligotrophic environment is, generally in an aquatic environment, one which is particularly poor in nutrients.
Orogenesis Orogenesis refers to all the formation mechanisms of mountains and varied relief.
Osteology Osteology is the study of bones and more generally the skeleton.
Polje Poljes are flat-floored depressions enclosed between steep slopes, and several kilometres wide, characteristic of karst environments.
Pteridophyte Pteridophytes are flowerless and seedless plants such as ferns and horsetails, which only reproduce via spores.
Relict species A relict species is one of very ancient origin, nearly extinguished, which is concentrated within a very limited area, and most often features archaic characteristics.
Subduction Subduction is the process that takes place at convergent boundaries by which one tectonic plate moves under another plate.
Taxon A taxon is a group of living beings descending from a common ancestor. Branches, classes, orders, families, species… are taxons. Taxonomy is the science classification science for organisms.
Uplift Uplift is the process by which a portion of the lithosphere is lifted, creating the varied relief.
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